Is the use of phonetic symbols to provide an accurate and permanent record of the pronunciation of speech sounds in languages of the world.
The most widely used system for phonetic transcription was developed by the International Phonetic Association from 1886 onwards. It consists of 79 symbols for the phonetic transcription of consonants. In addition it has 28 symbols for vowels. In addition, there are dedicated symbols for the transcription of tone and intonation.
This website provides several tools to learn to identify speech sounds of the world's languages and the phonetic symbols representing them.