LABIAL •
• LABIAL
Voiceless
Voiced
Voiceless
ALVEOLAR •
Voiced
• ALVEOLAR
Implosive
Implosive

Symbols for the phonetic transcription of implosives

Implosive
Implosive
Voiceless
PALATAL •
Implosive
Voiced
• PALATAL
Implosive
Voiceless
VELAR •
Implosive
Voiced
• VELAR
Implosive
Voiceless
UVULAR •
Implosive
Voiced
• UVULAR
Implosive

Voiceless implosives are sounds which are made on a laryngeal (glottal) ingressive airstream mechanism. The glottis is closed and the larynx as a whole is pulled downwards by means of the infra hyoid muscles. This creates negative pressure above the vocal folds which initiates a brief ingressive airflow. Voiced implosives are based on a combined airstream mechanism, i.e. a laryngeal (ingressive) and a pulmonic (egressive) one.

The phonetics of implosives

LABIAL
PALATAL
UVULAR
ALVEOLAR
VELAR
VOICED 
VOICELESS •
• VOICED
• VOICELESS
 
 
 
 
 
 

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