LABIAL •
Voiceless
LINGUO-LABIAL •
Ejective Plosive
Voiceless
LABIO-DENTAL •
• LABIO - DENTAL
Voiceless
DENTAL •
Voiceless
ALVEOLAR •
• ALVEOLAR
Voiceless
RETROFLEX •
• RETROFLEX
Voiceless
PALATAL •
• PALATAL
Voiceless
VELAR •
• VELAR
Voiceless
UVULAR •
• UVULAR
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative

Symbols for the phonetic transcription of Ejectives

Ejectives are sounds which are made on a laryngeal (glottalic) egressive airstream mechanism. The glottis is closed and the larynx as a whole is pulled upwards by means of the suprahyoid musculature. This creates positive pressure above the vocal folds which initiates a brief egressive airflow. Ejectives are transcribed by means of an apostrophe superscript.

Ejectives are quite common in languages of the world: they occur in languages of the Caucasus, in East Asian and African languages, and in North, Central and South American languages. Hovering over the phonetic symbols below will show how frequent these sounds are in languages of the world. these figures are based on UPSID (University of California Phonological Segment Inventory Database which now contains 451 languages.

 

Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
LABIAL
LABIO
DENTAL
ALVEOLAR
UVULAR
PALATAL
PLOSIVES •
• PLOSIVES
FRICATIVES •
DENTAL
RETROFLEX
VELAR
• FRICATIVES
Voiceless
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The phonetics of ejectives

 

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