This section is presently being updated. Not long now.

Ejectives are sounds which are made on a laryngeal (glottalic) egressive airstream mechanism. The glottis is closed and the larynx as a whole is pulled upwards by means of the suprahyoid musculature. This creates positive pressure above the vocal folds which initiates a brief egressive airflow. Ejectives are transcribed by means of an apostrophe superscript.

Ejectives are quite common in languages of the world: they occur in languages of the Caucasus, in East Asian and African languages, and in North, Central and South American languages. Hovering over the phonetic symbols below will show how frequent these sounds are in languages of the world. these figures are based on UPSID (University of California Phonological Segment Inventory Database which now contains 451 languages.

 

LABIAL •
Voiceless
LINGUO-LABIAL •
Ejective Plosive
P the voiceless labial plosive ejective
Phonetic symbol for the linguo-labial plosive ejective
Voiceless
LABIO-DENTAL •
Phonetic symbol for the voiceless labio-dental plosive ejective.
• LABIO - DENTAL
Phonetic symbol of the labio-dental fricative ejective.
Voiceless
DENTAL •
Phonetic symbol for the dental plosive ejective.
Voiceless
ALVEOLAR •
Phonetic symbol for the alveolar plosive ejective
• ALVEOLAR
Phonetic symbol of the alveolar fricative ejective.
Voiceless
RETROFLEX •
Phonetic symbol for the retroflex plosive ejective.
• RETROFLEX
Phonetic symbol for the retroflex fricativevejective.
Voiceless
PALATAL •
Phonetic symbol for the palatal plosive ejective
• PALATAL
Phonetic symbol for the palatal fricative ejective.
Voiceless
VELAR •
Phonetic symbol of the velar plosive ejective
• VELAR
Phonetic symbol of the velar fricative ejective.
Voiceless
UVULAR •
Phonetic symbol for the uvular plosive ejective
• UVULAR
Phonetic symbol of the uvular fricative ejective.
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative
Ejective Plosive
Ejective Fricative

Symbols for the phonetic transcription of Ejectives

Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
Voiceless
LABIAL
LABIO
DENTAL
ALVEOLAR
UVULAR
PALATAL
PLOSIVES •
• PLOSIVES
FRICATIVES •
DENTAL
RETROFLEX
VELAR
• FRICATIVES
Voiceless
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The phonetics of ejectives